Irritable stomach: what solutions for intestinal disorders?
Abdominal pain, transit problems for at least six months … Irritable bowel syndrome is embarrassing. Medicines, phytotherapy, osteopathy, work on breathing: the solutions are multiple.
To have an abnormal belly is uncomfortable. Pain and bloating are extremely frequent, and these symptoms are accompanied by transit disorders which lose several months: constipation, diarrhea, or alternation of the two.
It is easy to understand that these intestinal disorders substantially alter the quality of life. No organic pathology is detected, clinical examination is negative, and yet the intestine is easily irritated.
Several causes of intestinal irritation
“Anomalies of the abdominal wall associated with micro-inflammation are causing disorders of motor function, sensitivity, and pain,” explains Dr. Guillaume Cargill, gastroenterologist psychotherapist, in Paris.
In question? Sensitivity exacerbated by internal stress: food poisoning, infection (often gastroenteritis) or surgery. Also, doctors observe that these patients are often anxious and stressed.
Drugs: a gradual treatment of transit disorders
Obviously, treatments are a function of the symptoms. In general, the gastroenterologist first prescribes an antispasmodic pain reliever (generic phloroglucinol, Spasfon, Spasfon-Lyoc), a mucosal protector of the medical clay type (Bedelia, Smecta, Kolossorb) and a drug that regulates transit (Against constipation: a mild laxative such as ispaghul or plantain, diarrhea: a slower transit).
If such an order does not improve the situation, the doctor can then propose an antidepressant that plays on the stress and the neuromodulators … of the belly. Indeed, these drugs act on the motor skills and sensitivity of the digestive tract. “These treatments are not very large in number, but their existence is fundamental,” says Dr. Cargill. Their indications? When all other treatments have not given improvement and in the extreme forms of colopathy where patients suffer a lot. “Their quality of life is such that there is a real depressive syndrome. ”
Do they have a stomach ache because they are depressed? Alternatively, did their illness plunge them into depression? “Nobody knows,” replies the specialist. Nevertheless, the main thing is to prescribe treatments that have little or no toxicity because they are long-term treatments. ” Antidepressants are indeed prescribed six months to a year.
Peppermint against the irritable bowel
“The herbal supplements traditional treatments or intervene when patients can not tolerate conventional medications,” says Guillaume Cargill, very demanding about the quality of the plants used.
The essential oil of peppermint relieves symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (one to two capsules of 180-200 mg for 24 weeks). It is also interesting in infusion to reduce bloating.
“Attention, Senna, and Buzz are even more toxic in patients with fragile intestines! He warned.
Breathe to release the diaphragm
Dr. Cargill gave the first advice: relax. Play sports, listen to soft music and breathe!
“The visceral system is linked to the pressure of the diaphragm, a muscle essential to breathing which performs about 20,000 contractions per day, ” says Xavier Dufour, a physiotherapist. If it moves better, the belly is better. ”
To strengthen your diaphragm, first exercise your chest breath: inhale without moving your belly or your shoulders, but opening the rib cage. You feel it widen. Count up to five. Exhale slowly by emptying your lungs completely. Then, abdominal breathing lays your hands on your belly and inhale. Only your stomach has to move. Hold for five seconds, blow. Alternate these two exercises, five minutes each day.
Osteopathy to relieve functional colopathy
By restoring harmony between the colon and its adjacent organs, osteopathy reduces “irritable” intestinal syndrome, a functional disorder that affects one in three Frenchmen.
Why ? Because visceral massage is little taught during physiotherapy studies, while it is in osteopathy. ” The techniques are more precise to relieve functional colopathy, develops Xavier Dufour, also an osteopath. Osteopathy is not very efficient on organic problems, but it is in functional disorders. Thus, it alleviates intestinal functional disorders and improves bile disorders. ”
How? Osteopathy is based on the principle that everything comes from circulation: using soft gestures, pressures, and slight twists, the practitioner unlocks the points of attachment and tensions, so that the fluids, blood, in particular, circulate better. The improvement is rapid. Count one to two sessions to relieve pain, spaced from three weeks to one month.
Probiotics, allied with transit
Microorganisms with numerous virtues, probiotics are known to be the allies of transit. They are live bacteria which, if ingested in sufficient quantity, have a beneficial effect on health. They are found in foods (fermented milk products) or food supplements.
They are certainly not the only solution to intestinal functional disorders, but they can provide a wellness in addition to medical treatment. Indeed, the review of clinical studies shows that some probiotics have a positive effect on irritable bowel syndrome.
The mechanisms are still poorly understood, but researchers believe that they can act directly on our intestinal flora, strengthen the mucosa, modulate immune responses or influence sensory endings. However, not all are comparable, and very few of them are medically evaluated.