Can anxiety cause constipation: Anxiety, depression, and intestines: what link?
Depression, anxiety, phobias, OCD … What are the anxiety and depression that are often associated with irritable bowel syndrome? And why?
Can anxiety cause constipation: How does anxiety manifest itself?
Anxiety manifests itself in a diffuse feeling of anxiety that has negative repercussions on everyday life. The person feels fear and anxiety about most events in life and is always afraid of a catastrophe. Even when things are going well, she tells herself that it will not last. She is tired, irritable, has trouble concentrating and feels unable to control situations that arise. Sometimes she isolates herself for fear of not having control over her surroundings (social anxiety).
Sometimes the anguished person tries to escape his fear of the morrow by becoming hyperactive, by launching into a forward flight that allows him to feel that he controls what the future holds for him.
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Physical symptoms are varied and numerous: sleep disorders, muscle pain, palpitations, trembling, sweaty palms, dizziness, chills, headaches or stomach aches, diarrhea or constipation, tightness in the chest, feeling of Smothering, knots in the stomach or throat, spasmophilia, constant urge to urinate, etc.
The case of spasmophilia
Spasmophilia is an emotional sensitivity that manifests itself in a sudden crisis, bringing together a variety of symptoms: eyelids and facial muscles that tremble, feeling dizzy and fainting, tingling, loss of sensitivity in the hands, paralysis of the Fingers, feeling stifled, palpitations, for example. For psychiatrists, spasmophilia is a manifestation of anxiety disorders.
What causes anxiety?
Well-identified factors can cause states of anxiety, including:
- A stressful situation with physical or psychological exhaustion, for example chronic stress at work;
- Illness or death in the family or circle of friends;
- A precarious work situation;
- A new stage in life (such as a retirement, a divorce, the departure of a child from home);
- Hormonal changes in menopause;
- A negative experience (physical aggression, for example);
- psychological conditions such as depression or schizophrenia.
From psychoanalysis, anxiety would reflect the existence of unresolved conflicts at the first stages of child development. These conflicts, including the anguish of separation and the fear of losing a loved one, may emerge spontaneously or as the result of a particularly traumatic experience.
Different depressive and anxiety disorders are related to the SII
It is currently estimated that approximately 60% of people who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome are also affected by a depressive disorder or anxiety. However, this class of diseases is very diverse, ranging from depression major in a specific phobia through generalized anxiety. A study published in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders in March 2009 sought to determine exactly which disorders were related to the IBS.
Moreover, it turns out that all the anxiety and depression are not equal facing the irritable bowel syndrome. Here are the ones that are often present at the same time as the SII:
- Trouble panic (failure to make regular attacks panic, acute and intense anxiety that comes with physical signs such as palpitations or breathlessness)
- Anxiety generalized (daily anxiety about many topics, for six months or more)
However, sufferers of anxiety disorders or depression following show no more than irritable bowel syndrome than the general population:
- Social phobia (fear of strangers or certain social situations which can go so far as to prevent any social life)
- Phobias about a specific object or situation
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorders.
Why this link between anxiety, depression and irritable bowel?
Doctors have not yet fully elucidated the link between the two disorders. Some tracks, however, are advanced. The first is that the immune system. It is indeed affected by stress, but also very involved in the functioning of the intestines. Some experts also speculate that people with anxiety or depressive disorders are more sensitive to normally painless movements of the digestive system. Conversely, some believe that people with IBS may be more affected by stress emotional. Finally, it seems that depression and anxiety make it harder effective management of IBS.
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