Chronic constipation symptoms and treatment: Diagnosis of chronic constipation
Chronic constipation symptoms
The main symptom of constipation is the one that is the definition of constipation: the infrequent, hard, light stools.
Depending on the type of constipation, signs of constipation may be significantly different:
- constipation transit: the presence of rare and hard stools, but without particular difficulty evacuating stools.
- terminal constipation: the difficulty is defecating , need to make major thrusts or repeated, feeling that her rectum is filled with feces.
In all cases, temporary constipation may also be accompanied by various intestinal disorders such as stomach aches, abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence or spasms or hemorrhoids.
You may also be interested in: Symptoms of hemorrhoids
Medical consultation for temporary constipation
It is imperative to consult his doctor quickly especially if constipation appears suddenly and for no particular reason. A medical consultation is also necessary if you see traces of blood in your stools, or if you are victims of very severe abdominal pain. Indeed, constipation can sometimes be a symptom of a cancer of the intestine or colon.
If the above symptoms are significant or persistent, and if your transient constipation does not disappear after three weeks is that it becomes chronic. Consult your doctor to determine the cause.
Diagnosis of transient constipation
When constipation is suspected, the first step is to identify if there is a state of constipation or just a slowdown notable bowel, but that is not important enough to talk about constipation. The appearance of the stool will notably be assessed to confirm constipation.
If constipation is confirmed, a precise examination will trace the history of constipation, to learn more about its appearance and possibly detect a risk factor that could trigger this constipation (changes in eating habits, psychological disorder, Taking certain drugs, etc.).
In the case of a transient and functional constipation, the diagnosis will end here; no further examination is required. As discussed in the article on the prevention of constipation, prescribing a proper diet and practice a more intense physical activity usually enough to make disappear constipation.
If questioning has detected iatrogenic constipation chronic (due to medication is taken to constipating side effects over the long term), according to the pathology treated with these drugs, your doctor may try to tailor your treatment to alleviate constipation induced.
If, however, a more serious organic cause is suspected, various additional medical examinations may be prescribed, depending on the symptoms Patient detected: inspection of the anus, rectal examination, colonoscopy, X-ray of the abdomen, measurement of the transit time.
Complications of chronic constipation
The constipation is not a serious illness, but a benign disease, which rarely causes complications. If it is chronic, it can in some cases rare cause complications. Constipation can also be a symptom of a severe disease, such as intestinal cancer.
Treatment of chronic constipation
Prevention of constipation
There are some simple measures to be applied daily to prevent constipation, including chronic constipation. These few good habits help promote transit and thus eliminate or reduce the risk of chronic constipation.
Here are the main tips to follow on a daily basis:
- drink plenty of water (1-2 liters of mineral water per day) to soften the stool
- have a diet high in fiber (fruits & vegetables, grains, legumes), which promotes transit
- exercise (including activities that stimulate the abdominal muscles)
- not remember going to the saddle
- take the time to eat and eat at set times
Treatment of chronic constipation
First, it is essential to adopt a healthy lifestyle by following a few constipation prevention tips described above. This will, even in cases of chronic constipation, to improve your digestion, promote your healing and may be having to endure a long and less restrictive treatment (including laxatives on too long term).
If you have hemorrhoids, it should first be treated promptly.
If your constipation is type terminal will be processed directly rectally (suppositories, enemas, and micro enemas).
Treatment of chronic constipation by laxatives
In the case of persistent constipation after changing your eating habits, taking oral laxatives can help you more efficiently treat your constipation. Their use should be limited and punctual e because they have significant side effects and can get themselves in the medium term because of constipation.
You may also be interested in: Natural laxatives for adults: Relieve Constipation and Hemorrhoids.
There are several kinds of laxatives used as a treatment of constipation:
- the bulk laxatives: the aim is to increase stool bulk by fiber intake (they are the sweetest, and they can be used over the long term)
- the Lubricant laxatives: based on mineral oils that lubricate the stool to slide more easily into the intestine (to avoid long-term because they reduce the absorption of vitamins)
- the stool softeners: they soften stool by promoting the absorption of water by them with chemical compounds (to avoid long-term because they contain chemicals and can cause allergies)
- the osmotic laxatives: based on salts or sugars, to attract water and hold in the stool to soften (the most used, is not recommended long term can enter in a vicious circle)
- the irritating stimulant laxatives: act directly on the bowel muscles, so they contract and advance the stool more easily (strongly discouraged without medical care because they are very irritating to the lining of the intestine)
We recommend reading the article: MiraLAX Laxatives: Best laxative brand for fast results
In any case, ask your doctor or pharmacist before using a laxative, they will advise you and guide you to that which will be most suitable for you.
You may also be interested in: How much magnesium should I take for constipation