Injuries to the liver, pancreas or intestinal mucosa can cause extreme gastrointestinal disturbances and possibly nutritional deficiencies.
What are digestive disorders
Lesions in the liver, pancreas or intestinal mucosa can cause severe gastrointestinal disorders and possibly nutritional deficiencies. The most common causes of these injuries are:
Gastroenteritis: this is an inflammation of the wall of the stomach and intestines. It causes vomiting and diarrhea, which are usually accompanied by abdominal cramps and colic pain, a slightly elevated temperature, and sweating. Traces of blood are sometimes found in the vomit and stools. It is caused by a bacterial or viral infection, usually transmitted by half cooked or reheated foods.
Gastritis: in this case, the wall of the stomach is irritated. Gastritis is either acute (caused by something the person has eaten or drunk) or chronic (not related to a particular incident and over the long term). It causes pain in the upper part of the abdomen, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Crohn’s Disease (or Ileitis): Reasons of this inflammation of the lower part of the small intestine is unknown. In some places, the intestinal mucosa thickens, possibly resulting in infection or ulcer formation. It causes chronic diarrhea accompanied by inappetence, fever, weight loss and abdominal pain. It is sometimes confused with acute appendicitis.
Colitis: This is an inflammation of the colon (large intestine) which, in the long term, causes the formation of ulcers. It frequently causes diarrhea and bleeding in the stool, accompanied by fever, inappetence, weight loss and anemia.
Symptoms of Digestive Disorders
Everyone knows the main symptoms of mild gastrointestinal disorders: abdominal pain, loss of appetite, heartburn, indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, vomiting and flatulence. In more severe cases, there may be blood in the vomit and stool, weight loss, and yellowing of the skin or eyes.
Treatment of Digestive Disorders
Consult a physician if: there is much blood in your vomit or stool; You, or someone you care for, vomit over a long period and suffer from abdominal pain or diarrhea; You notice a rapid deterioration in a baby or a person who vomits or has diarrhea.