Constipation consists of a delay in evacuating the stools, which then become hard and dry, and are eliminated with difficulty.
What is constipation?
Constipation consists of a delay in evacuating the stools, which then become hard and dry, and are eliminated with difficulty. Stool evacuation is not done at the same frequency for everyone: for some, it is every day, for others, two or three times a week. Constipation is referred to when the person’s habits change, and she goes to the bowel much less often than she did before.
Persons at risk for constipation
Any change in diet can cause stool dryness in the large intestine (colon). Also, changes in physical activity or lifestyle, lack of fiber in the diet, chronic stress, and delayed bowel movements for practical This can cause constipation.
If for a few days, you do not eat regularly, your digestive tract could take some time to catch up with you when you resume your habits; There is no need to worry. Once your body has received the nutrients that it has missed, everything will come back in order.
By appropriating colon water, some medications, including iron supplements, calcium channel blockers, narcotic analgesics, aluminum-containing antacids, and blood pressure medications, can cause constipation. The same goes for endocrine disorders such as diabetes or thyroid diseases.
Treatment of constipation
The doctor will ask you how long you have been constipated when you last went to the saddle, what was the consistency of your stools and if they contained blood. As dietary habits are often involved, the first thing to do is to increase your dietary fiber intake. The average North American consumes 10 to 20 grams per day whereas it should take 25 to 35 grams. Before you turn to a supplement, begin by increasing your intake of foods that are rich, such as bran, plums, sauerkraut, rhubarb or green shoots.
A suppository or a mild enema may provide quick relief from constipation. If you use an over-the-counter laxative, opt for the gentlest and most importantly,
Your doctor may prescribe a fecal emollient. Also, if your constipation is caused by a drug, it may change the dosage or offer you another.
Prevention of constipation
- Take fiber. Fiber is the indigestible part of foods of vegetable origin. They retain water in the feces, adding volume to the latter, which naturally stimulates intestinal contractions and causes expulsion. The insoluble fiber in whole grains also accelerates stool transit through the colon. Fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains are excellent sources of fiber. This is also true of sound: take healthy cereals or add bulk sound (found in natural products stores) to your home-made stews, bread, and pastries. Replace white rice with whole rice, three times richer in fiber. However, It is best to increase your fiber intake gradually. Otherwise, you may have gas, bloating and abdominal cramps. Drink a lot. You should take at least eight glasses of water, or 2 liters per day, to soften your stools. If you make the mistake of increasing your intake of fiber without drinking enough, the discharge of fecal matter may be slowed down or impaired.
- Move. Practiced on a regular basis, exercise encourages elimination. Studies have shown that it has the effect of accelerating transit in the large intestine; The stools then lose less water and evacuate more easily.
- If necessary, take a supplement. If for various reasons, you can not increase your dietary fiber intake, you may want to consider taking a supplement, for example, Metamucil, in preference to meals. Keep in mind though that supplements can help relieve constipation, they are devoid of nutrients, unlike the fibers from full feeds.
- Aim for consistency. As much as possible, have regular habits. A sudden change in your physical activity or eating habits, such as illness or when you go on vacation, can lead to constipation.